[ Why China ]
A problem of astounding proportion plagues children in the country of China. Overburdened, understaffed and underfunded orphanages struggle to meet the demands created by the abandonment of thousands of Chinese infants annually. The outcome is a generation of institutionalized children void of family and often education and medical care.
As a dramatic measure to curb the country's perceived overpopulation, China instituted the One Child Policy in 1979. This governmental policy mandated families to one child. For nearly 40 years, the One Child Policy has had a detrimental impact on a generation of children. Although accommodation has recently been put in place allowing a second child in some families, the policy and its consequences continues in China today.
International adoption from China has existed only since the early 1990's. As awareness of the situation in China spread, the number of orphans being adopted by families in the United States saw a steady rise. Unfortunately, since 2007 those numbers have drastically declined. Thousands of children wait in orphanages for someone to exhibit the love, care and attention they are lacking. Shortages of caregivers as well as insufficient medical, developmental and educational provisions add to a life already void of family. The stigma placed on these children is carried into their adult life, resulting in severe adjustment problems once they are forced to leave the orphanage.